duce n : leader; "Mussolini was called Il Duce"
Noundūce weak f
Duce is an Italian word meaning leader or the second, derived from Latin word dux of the same meaning, of which Duke is a derivation. Other Italian leaders whose names derive from dux are the Doges of Venice and Genoa, and the title of nobility duca ("duke").
History and usageThe title was used for the eighth time, by the king Vittorio Emanuele III in the 1915 , during World War I, the term was also used by Gabriele D'Annunzio as dictator of the self-proclaimed Italian Regency of Carnaro in 1923 and, more famously, by Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini; the painting "Il Duce", by Gerardo Dottori, indeed represents Mussolini. Due to Mussolini, it had become associated with Fascism and is no longer frequent in contemporary use other than in reference to Mussolini, and Italian speakers in general use other words for "leader".
The term was also applied to Rudolph Giuliani during his term as mayor of New York City (1994-2002), in reference to his Italian heritage and allegedly dictatorial management style.
The late rocker Eldon Hoke, drummer and lead singer of the heavy metal band The Mentors, used the stage name "El Duce."
duce in Spanish: Duce
duce in Italian: Duce
duce in Japanese: ドゥーチェ
duce in Polish: Duce
duce in Chinese: Duce
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